After a journey of 300 days covering more than 600 million kilometres, India's Mars spacecraft enter orbit around the Red Planet on today, Mangalyaan will revolve around the Red Planet for six months and announce India's triumph. MOM leave earth's gravity for journey to Mars on 1st Dec last year. The Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM), ‘Mangalyan’, launched successfully onboard PSLV C25 on November 5 at 2.38 pm from the first launch pad of Satish Dhawan Space Centre at Sriharikota. The unmanned scientific satellite mission has cost India Rs. 450 crore. The primary objectives of the Mars mission are to demonstrate India's technological capability to send a satellite to orbit around the planet and conduct meaningful experiments such as looking for signs of life, take pictures of Mars and study the Martian environment. If all goes well, India would become the fourth country (or group of countries) to reach Mars, after the former Soviet Union, the United States and Europe.
The spacecraft is currently being monitored from the Spacecraft Control Centre at ISRO Telemetry, Tracking and Command Network (ISTRAC) in Bangalore with support from Indian Deep Space Network (IDSN) antennae at Byalalu.
Mangalyaan, India’s Mars Orbiter Mission, that leave the solar orbit and enter an orbit around Mars in the early hours of September 24.
THe Prime Minister
Modi watch every manoeuver beginning with the reorientation of the
orbiter. He also greet members of the Mars Orbiter Mission and address the ISRO team.
This successful orbit insertion make India the first Asian nation to reach Mars and give a tremendous boost to the country's ambition of becoming a major player in the multibillion-dollar commercial space launch market.
The space craft is expected to reach the Martian orbit on September 24, 2014.The speed of the spacecraft will also be reduced to 2.14 metre per second from 22.2 km per second for enabling smooth transition into the Martian orbit from the sun’s orbit Sep 24. The insertion operation will begin at 4.17 a.m. by first activating the spacecraft’s three antennas for receiving and transmitting signals between earth and Mars. At 6.56 a.m., the spacecraft will be rotated towards Mars and five minutes later when sunlight is not falling on the Martian surface causing eclipse, the thrusters beneath the engine will give the Orbiter altitude control. The liquid engine will start firing at 7.17 a.m. and at 7.21 a.m., Mars occult begins. A minute later at 7.22 a.m., telemetry (radio signals) will be off or out of receiving radars on the earth. Once it reaches Mars, Mangalyaan will revolve around the Red Planet for six months and announce India's triumph. The command for the space craft to leave the Earth orbit and head into the Sun centric orbit was executed from the mission operations center in Bangalore. ISRO's PSLV C 25 successfully injected the 1,350-kg Mangalyaan Orbiter (Mars craft) into orbit around Earth some 44 minutes after a textbook launch at 2.38 PM from Satish Dhawan Space Centre on November 05,2013. The unmanned scientific satellite mission has cost India Rs. 450 crore. MOM on December 1,2013 early morning leave earth's gravity for 750 million km journey to Mars. MoM crossed half way mark of it's journey to red planet on April 9,2014. India's Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) on June 11,2014 SUCCESSFULLY perform Trajectory Correction Manoeuver (TCM) to ensure a precise redezvous with Mars. For the first time India deployed two special ships hired from the Shipping Corporation of India - the Nalanda and the Yamuna will monitor the health and movement of India's rocket several minutes after the launch while it is coasting in the sky over the Pacific Ocean..The primary objectives of the Mars mission are to demonstrate India's technological capability to send a satellite to orbit around the planet and conduct meaningful experiments such as looking for signs of life, take pictures of Mars and study the Martian environment. India's Mars orbiter launch window opens on Oct. 28 and closes on Nov. 19, with the arrival at the Red Planet targeted for September 2014. If all goes well, India would become the fourth country (or group of countries) to reach Mars, after the former Soviet Union, the United States and Europe. Scientific advancement, searching for Methane in the Martian atmosphere, looking for traces of water on Mars, possibilities of digging up extra-terrestrial intelligence, becoming future-smart, establishing space supremacy, etc have all been quoted as justification for the Mars mission and its cost. The International Designator or the NSSDC ID of India's Mars mission is 2013-060A.The International Designator is the international naming convention for satellites, comprising the launch year, a three-digit incrementing launch number of that year and up to a three letter code representing the sequential identifier of a piece in a launch.
India’s Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) Spacecraft attached to the 4th stage of PSLV-C25 and ready for heat shield closure. It launched sucessfully on Nov. 5, 2013 at 2.36 pm IST. Credit: ISRO
ROCKET POWERED BY NUCLEAR FUSION COULD SEND HUMANS TO MARS
University of Washington researchers and scientists at a space-propulsion company are building components of a fusion-powered rocket aimed to clear many of the hurdles that block deep space travel.
The Mars Orbiter Mission, launched Successfully by India on November 05,2013, got global media coverage. Here is a brief look at how various News Papers, Television Channels & Online Portals across the world reports India's First Mission to Mars.
Copyright © 2014 - All Rights Reserved - engineersworldonline.com