Dr. A P J Abdul Kalam Technological University / Kerala Technological university KTU First year (S1 S2) B.tech Syllabus for INTRODUCTION TO CIVIL ENGINEERING (BE101-01)
Module 1General introduction to Civil Engineering – History of Civil Engineering - Relevance of Civil Engineering in the overall infrastructural development of the country.Types and classification of structures – buildings, towers, chimneys, bridges, dams, retaining walls, water tanks, silos, roads, railways, runways and pipelines (Brief description only) Definition and types of buildings as per National Building Code of India (brief description only). Selection of site – Components of a building and their functions –Setting out of a building.
Module 2Stones: Classification of stones – Qualities of good building stones – Quarrying – Dressing – Tests – Specifications – Uses of common building stones. Bricks: Composition of good brick earth – Classification – Qualities of good bricks – Field and laboratory tests – Specifications. Tiles: Classification – Manufacture – Properties – Tests – Specifications
Module 3Cement: Basic Ingredients – Manufacturing process – Grades –Properties – Tests – Specifications. Aggregates: Fine and coarse aggregate – Properties – Uses – Tests.Cement Mortar: Types and preparation.
Module 4Stone Masonry: Types – Details of Ashlar, Random Rubble, Coarse Rubble and Dry Rubble Masonry. Brick Masonry: Types – Bond – Introduction to all types of bonds – English bond in detail (1, 1½ and 2 brick walls) – Comparison of stone and brick masonry.
Module 5Timber: Properties – Uses – Classification – Seasoning – Defects –Preservation – Tests; Hard board and Particle board – Manufacture and useSteel: Structural steel and steel as reinforcement – Types – Properties– Uses – Market forms.
Module 6Floors and Flooring materials: Different types and selection of floors and floor coverings. Roofs and roof coverings: Different types of roofs – Suitability – Types and selection of roofing materials. sic infrastructure and services - elevators, escalators, ramps, air conditioning, sound proofing (civil engineering aspects only) towers, chimneys, water tanks (brief discussion only).