Fire & Safety Engineering Seminar Topics

(Fire Engineering,Fire & Safety Engineering,Fire Technology)

temperature, heat, specific heat, flash point, fire point, ignition, combustion; Ignition- pilot ignition, spontaneous ignition, ignition sources; Types of combustion-rapid, spontaneous, explosion; Product of combustion-flame, heat, smoke, fire gases. Development of fire-incipient, smoldering, flame and heat stages; Diffusion flames-zones of combustion, smouldering combustion, characteristics of diffusion flame; Premixed flames-burning velocity, limits of flammability, explosion and expansion ratios, deflagration and detonation, characteristics of premixed flame; Explosion- physical explosion, chemical explosion; Special kinds of combustion- Flash fire, Pool fire, Deep seated fire, Spoillver, Boilover, Slopover, Dust explosion, BLEVE, UVCE; Classification of fire based on material

Use and maintenance of fire Service Equipments-Hydrants and stand pipes, Hose reels-hose fittings- coupling, Branches, Branch holders, Radial branches, Monitors, Nozzles, Collecting heads, suction, hose fittings, adopters and ramps. Introduction to fire fighting vehicles and appliances:- Pumps, primers. Crash tenders, rescue tenders, hydraulic platforms, turntable ladders, hose laying tenders, control vans, fire boats. Ladders- features of extension ladders, wheels escape, hook ladder, turn-table, Snorkel, safety devices, uses and maintenance. Small gear and miscellaneous equipment's-General purpose tools and equipment, Lamps and lighting sets. Ropes and Lines- Types-wire and rope lines used in fire service. Use and testing of lines, knots, Bends and hitches, General rope work.

Spread of flames in solids and liquids, linear and three dimensional fire propagation; Smoke - constituents of smoke, quantity and rate of production of smoke, quality of smoke, smoke density, visibility in smoke, principles of spreading quantity of smoke, smoke movement; Pressurization modeling of smoke movement; Toxicity of smoke- effect of harmful agents preventing escape and causing injury or death - CO, CO2, Nitrogen oxide, Sulphur dioxide.

Fire hydraulics: Brief seminar of fire stream, pressure loss or gain because of elevation, static flow and hydraulic pressures, suction, drafting, friction loss. Advantages of multiple lines. Discharge capacities of nozzles on hose lines. Nozzle reaction. Pressure differential fire ground hydraulics: - method of determining flow and direction loss; standard nozzle pressures; GPM method Application of GPM method for hand lines, multiple hose lines, master stream appliances, stand pipes and appliances, conversion of various hose sizes, small lines, unequal discharge pressure, back pressure, unequal hose diameters.

Safety during installation of plant and equipment. Safe sequences in installation - risk during installation. Safety during testing and commissioning. Test on relays - protection and interlock systems for safety. Hazardous zones - classification of hazardous zones. Intrinsically safe and explosion proof electrical apparatus. Selection of equipments in hazardous area. Electrical fires - hazards of static electricity . Safe procedures for electrical maintenance - Statutory requirements. Safety provisions in Indian Electricity Act & Rules.

Fractures- classification of fractures-principles of immobilisation- sprains and dislocation. Broad and narrow fold bandages-hand bandages-slings. The skin. Burns-rule of nines-pure thermal burns. Electric burns. Chemical burns. Radiation burns. Cold burns. Poisoning. Physical fitness. Lifting - casualty handling. Use of stretchers.

Aid principles-Role of the first aider-sequence of action on arrival at scene. Vital signs-breathing -pulse. Introduction to the body-basic anatomical terms-body cavities-head- cranium - thorax-abdomen and pelvis. Biomechanics - Structure and functions of musculoskeletal systems, tendons, ligaments, facia, bone, muscles, joints and basic mechanisms. The respiratory system-respiratory failure - asphyxia- abdominal thrust in Heimlich manoeuvre. Chest injuries-types-fractured ribs -pneumothrox- haemothrox. The nervous system-functions-components -brain - cerebrum - cerebellum - medulla oblongata -cerebro - spinal fluid-spinal cord-autonomic nervous system. Unconsciousness-causes-level of consciousness-management of unconscious casualty- problems of unconsciousness. Fainting-recognition-management-aftercare. Diabetes - hypoglycaemia - hyperglycaemia- management. Seizures (epileptic fits, convulsions) features- management , stroke. Head injuries-fractures of the base-vault and sides of skull. The circulatory system-heat attack-chest compression- CPR Shock -causes - signs and symptoms - management of shock. Eye-eye injuries-foreign body in eye-eye trauma-corrosive chemical in eye-arc eye. Woundsbleedingclassification-types of wounds-case of wounds-bleeding from special sites.

Effect of temperature on the properties of structural materials- concrete, steel, masonry and wood; Behaviour of non-structural materials on fire- plastics, glass, textile fibers and other house hold materials; Determination of combustibility by fire tube method; Brief description on noncombustibility test and classification of flame spread rate of materials as per relevant standards (BIS). Compartment fire-factors controlling fire severity, ventilation controlled and fuel controlled fires; Spread of fire in rooms, within building and between buildings.. Experimental determination of fire resistance - types of furnaces; Approximate methods for calculating the fire resistance of structural elements- Schematic diagrams, influencing factors; Concept of static, thermal engineering and experimental methods for the calculation of fire resistance; Principle of the calculation of the fire resistance limits of structures-coefficient of fire resistance, fire duration; Approximate calculation of the required fire resistance for a building. Fire area- calculation of building fire area, subdivision of fire areas in Industrial, Residential and Public buildings; Fire separation between building-principle of calculation of safe distance. Design principles of fire resistant walls and ceilings; Fire resistant screens-solid screens and water curtains; Local barriers; Fire stopped areas-in roof, in fire areas and in connecting structures; Fire doors- Low combustible, Non combustible and Spark-proof doors; suspension of doors; Air-tight sealing of doors; Specification, test and performance criteria of Plate, Metal covered and Rolling type fire doors as per relevant standards (ISI). Fabricated fire proof boards-calcium silicate, Gypsum, Vermiculite, and Perlite boards; Fire protection of structural elements - Wooden, Steel, RCC, and Plastic structures; Reparability of fire damaged structures- Assessment of fire severity, Assessment of damage to concrete, steel, masonry and timber structures, Assessment of feasibility of repair; Repair techniquesrepair methods to reinforced concrete Columns, beams and slabs, Repair to steel structural members, Repair to masonry